Traditional and Stakeholder Knowledge

Alan J. Thomson

Victoria, BC, Canada


Traditional and Stakeholder Knowledge:

My research on Adaptive Management, Adaptive Knowledge Management and Knowledge Ecosystems included studies of stakeholder knowledge in general, and the Traditional Knowledge of Canadian First Nations in particular, primarily with the Nicola Tribal Association and the Cariboo Tribal Council. The research with the Nicola Tribal Association was described in the video, "First Scientists", prepared for the Discovery Channel by Mark Sandiford.

Publications describing these studies are listed below, and include studies of environmental ethics and of ethics in systems development . In addition, the knowledge of the Nicola Tribal Association was captured in an on-line database

Sustainability requires consideration of the different value systems implicit in these knowledge systems. Criteria and Indicator processes reflect these values.

Publications on Traditional and Stakeholder Knowledge:

Trosper, R.L., Clark, F., Gerez-Fernandez, P., Lake, F., McGregor, D., Peters, C.M., Purata, S., Ryan, T., Thomson, A., Watson, A.E., Wyatt, S. 2011. North America. Pages 157 - 201 In: J.A. Parrotta and R. L. Trosper (eds.), Traditional Forest-related knowledge: Sustaining communities, ecosystems and biocultural diversity. Springer World Forests Volume 12, the Netherlands. 621 pp.

Thomson, A.J. 2008. Google Earth as a tool for participatory 3-D modelling and elicitation of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK). In: Proc Mountain Forum e-Conference "Mountain GIS e-Conference: Promoting Geographic Information and Earth Observation Applications for the Sustainable Development of the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region", 14-25 January, 2008.

Thomson, A.J. 2005. Indicator-based knowledge management for participatory decision-making. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 49: 206-218.

Thomson, A. and Colfer, C. 2005. ICT and Social Issues. Pages 172 - 196 In: L. Hetemaki and S. Nilsson (eds.), Information Technology and the Forest Sector. IUFRO World Series Volume 18. Vienna, Austria: International Union of Forest Research Organizations. 235 pp. (

Thomson, A.J. 2004. Integration of Traditional Knowledge, Values and Science in Forest Land Use Planning. In Proceedings of the National Conference on Aboriginal Forestry, 11-13 May 2004, Thunder Bay, Ontario. p 22 [abstract of invited presentation].

Thomson, A.J., and D. Schmoldt. 2001. Ethics in computer software system design and development. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 30: 85-102.

Thomson, A.J., M. N. Jimmie, N.J. Turner, and D. Mitchell. 2000. Traditional knowledge, western science and environmental ethics in forest management. In: 'Forests in Sustainable Mountain Development: A State-of-Knowledge Report for 2000'. M. Price and N. Butt (eds.). CABI Publishing, Oxford. 181-186.

Thomson, A.J., and S.A. Akenhead. 2000. Designing sustainable mountain landscapes in British Columbia. In: 'Forests in Sustainable Mountain Development: A State-of-Knowledge Report for 2000'. M. Price and N. Butt (eds.). CABI Publishing, Oxford. 215-218.

Haggith, M., R. Prabhu, C.J.P. Colfer, B. Ritchie, A. Thomson and H. Mudavanhu. 2003. Infectious Ideas: Modelling the Diffusion of Ideas across Social Networks. Small-scale Forest Economics, Management and Policy, 2(2): 225-239.

Thomson, A.J. 2000. Elicitation and representation of Traditional Ecological Knowledge, for use in forest management. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 27: 155-165.

Thomson, A.J. 2000. Knowledge elicitation tools for use in a virtual Adaptive Environmental Management workshop. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 27: 57-70.

Thomson, A.J. 1997. Artificial Intelligence and Environmental Ethics. AI Applications. 11 (1): 69-73.

Akenhead, S.A., A.J. Thomson, D. Morgan, B. Adams and W.M. Strome. 1996. Planning sustainable forestry when there are complicated rules and many stakeholders. Proc. Eco-Informa '96, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, 4-7 November 1996. 399-404.

Thomson, A.J. 1996. Asimov's psychohistory: vision of the future or present reality? AI Applications 10(3): 1-8. [Note: this is a review of Artificial Intelligence applications relating to Natural Resource Conflict Resolution. It was an invited paper on the future of AI in natural resources, for the 10th anniversary issue of the journal.]

Thomson, A.J. 1993. Paradigm Green: AI approaches to evaluating the economic consequences of changing environmental viewpoints. AI Applications 7(4): 61 - 68.

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